It is physical condition where the bones become fragile, thin and have high chances of fractures due to slight injury. Bones are made of protein, collagen and calcium. Sometimes bones may crack especially in hips area.
Symptoms of osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis may have no symptom and stay undetected till bones get fractured due to minor injuries of they get fragile and cracked. In some cases there is recurrent pain or pain during movement. Osteoporosis results on porous bones and it can even be compressed like sponge. There can be backache, pain in joints. Loss of weight may occur as bones become thin along with loss of height and change in structure. People can get stooped.
Age and sex factor in osteoporosis?
Bone loss mostly occurs after the age of 35 or close to 40. Women after menopause may have greater chance of osteoporosis due to calcium loss.
Who have increased chance of osteoporosis?
Genetic factor is important. People suffering from low estrogen levels
Problem with absorbing nutrients, people unable to have balanced diet
People undergoing chemotherapy, medicines for seizures etc
Diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis?
MEDICAL TESTS: The initial symptomatic diagnosis can be recurrent pain in joints, bones, backache, hips area. Fractures due to slight injury or bone crack. This may make the specialist doctor guess osteoporosis or progressing of the disease and the doctor may suggest suitable tests.
X-ray (imaging) , bone density tests, calcium tests and few other tests as required can help determine the impact of the disease.
TREATMENT: of osteoporosis includes medicines for suitable management of the disease. Some lifestyle changes like exercising, weight training, bone and strength building, flexibility exercises as recommended by experts. Avoid alcohol and quit smoking.
DIET: A diet that contains, proteins, calcium, required vitamins, minerals and vitamin D and other nutrients as recommended by doctor or dietician.
There is no permanent cure for osteoporis but if well manged people can lead normal life doing regular activities of day to day life on their own.