Prostate problems are very common in men above 50. Like Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia, or BPH, which means the prostate is enlarged, but not cancerous….
What is Prostate?
The prostate is a gland about the size of a walnut. It is part of the male reproductive system and wraps around the tube that carries urine out of the bladder. It grows larger with age. If the prostate is too large, it can cause health issues. Having prostate problems does not always mean it is cancerous.
Signs of a prostate problem
Frequent urge to urinate
Need to get up many times during the night to urinate
Blood in urine or semen
Painful or burning urination
Not being able to urinate
Frequent pain or stiffness in lower back, hips, pelvic or rectal area, or upper thighs
Dribbling of urine
Some Common Prostate Problems
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
Medications : Sometimes medicines can help to shrink the prostate and relax the muscles near the prostate to ease the symptoms.
Surgery : When a medication doesn’t work, surgery is suggested to help urine flow. There are various types of BPH surgery. Regular checkups are important after surgery.
Other treatments : Radio waves, microwaves, or lasers are sometimes used to treat urinary problems caused by BPH. These methods use different kinds of heat to reduce extra prostate tissue.
Acute Bacterial Prostatitis
Usually starts suddenly from a bacterial infection
It can cause fever, chills, or pain
It might hurt while urinating
It may bleed while urinating
Chronic Bacterial Prostatitis
t is an infection which may occur multiple times.It is rare and can be hard to treat. Sometimes taking antibiotics for a long time may work. Chronic prostatitis also called Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome (CPPS).Very common type of prostate problem. It can cause pain in the lower back, in the groin area, or at the tip of the penis. Men with this problem often have painful ejaculation. They may feel the need to urinate frequently, but pass only a small amount of urine. Treating CPPS sometimes require a combination of medicines, surgery, and lifestyle changes.
Some symptoms of Cancer in the Prostate Gland
The patient urinates more often
The patient gets up at night more often to urinate
Finding it hard to start urinating
Finding it hard to keep urinating once started
There may be blood in the urine
Urination might be painful
In advanced stages the following symptoms are also possible:
Bone pain, often in the spine (vertebrae), pelvis, or ribs
The proximal part of the femur can be painful
Leg weakness (if cancer has spread to the spine and compressed the spinal cord)
Urinary incontinence (if cancer has spread to the spine and compressed the spinal cord)
Faecal incontinence (if cancer has spread to the spine and compressed the spinal cord) be hard to treat.