A cyst is a closed, saclike structure which contains fluid, gas, or semisolid material and is not a normal part of the tissue where it is located. Cysts are common and can occur anywhere in the body in people of any age group. Cysts vary in size, they may be detectable only under a microscope or they can grow so large that they displace normal organs and tissues and cause symptoms. The outer wall of a cyst is called capsule.
What are the causes which may result into a formation of cyst?
Probable causes of a cyst formation are:
“wear and tear” or simple obstructions to the flow of fluid
Infections of any kind
Chronic inflammatory conditions
Genetic (inherited) conditions
Defects in developing organs in the embryo
What are the signs and symptoms of cyst?
Sometimes you can feel a cyst yourself. As for example, cysts of the skin (Dermal Cyst) or tissues beneath the skin are usually noticeable. Cysts in the mammary glands (breasts) also may be felt when you examine the area with your fingers (palpable).
Cysts of internal organs such as cysts in the kidneys, ovaries, or liver may not produce any signs or symptoms.
How a cyst is diagnosed by a physician?
Cysts are discovered by the following imaging studies:
Cysts may or may not produce symptoms, depending upon their size and location. Cysts which are large enough to displace or compress normal tissues may cause symptoms related to their size and to the disruption of normal tissues.
What are the different types of cysts?
There are hundreds of different types of cysts that can arise in your body. Below mentioned are a few types of cysts:
Cysts in the breast which are part of benign proliferative (fibrocystic) disease known as fibrocystic breast disease
Ovarian cysts, including dermoid cysts (a specific type of ovarian tumour that often contains cysts and other tissues)
Cysts within the thyroid gland
Baker cyst (popliteal) behind the knee
Ganglion cysts of the joints and tendons
Cysts of the glands within the eyelid, termed chalazions
Sebaceous cysts of the small glands in the skin
Epidermal cysts of the skin , sometimes known as epidermal inclusion cysts, which are frequently found on the face, scalp, neck and / or trunk
Bartholin cysts (enlargement of small glands near the vaginal opening)
Pineal Cysts, cysts within the pineal gland of brain
Pancreatic Cysts, collections of fluid within the pancreas
Polycystic Kidney disease, an inherited condition in which the kidneys contain multiple cysts
What is the treatment for a cyst available?
The treatment for a cyst depends upon the cause of the cyst along with its location. Cysts which are very large and result in symptoms due to their size may be surgically removed. Sometimes the fluid contained within a cyst can be drained, aspirated, by inserting a needle or catheter into the cyst cavity, resulting in collapse of the cyst.
Surgical removal of a cyst is sometimes necessary. If there is any suspicion that a cyst is cancerous, the cyst is generally removed by surgery or a biopsy is taken of the cyst wall known as capsule to rule out malignancy.
If a cyst arises as part of a chronic medical condition (polycystic ovary syndrome or fibrocystic breast disease), treatment is generally medication management.
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Why Patients like DESUN?
Rated as one of India’s best hospitals
a) For excellence in quality of medical treatment and hospital services DESUN is the youngest hospital in India to get the prestigious National Accreditation Board for Hospitals (NABH) accreditation from Government of India. World over NABH is considered equivalent to JCAHO (Joint Commission for American Healthcare Organizations) or JCI (Joint Commission International) - the standards followed in US for hospital accreditation. Of more than 1000 hospitals in India who have applied for NABH even after 6 years not even 100 hospitals have been able to achieve the high quality standard required to get NABH accreditation. In the lead story of November 2011 issue of National News Magazine THE WEEK “India’s Best Hospitals” were covered based on an All India Survey. DESUN Hospital was included in this prestigious list of “India’s Best Hospitals”.
For excellence in quality of routine and Superspecialty pathology testing DESUN Pathology lab has also received the prestigious accreditation from the National Accreditation Board for Laboratories (NABL). In Eastern India only DESUN pathology lab has in-house facilities to perform superspecialty pathology tests like PCR, Flow Cytometry, etc. This benefits DESUN’s patients tremendously and there is practically no waiting time for getting test results when compared to other hospitals in Kolkata who have to send these tests to Mumbai or Delhi and wait for 3 / 4 days for get test results. Thus there is no delay in diagnosis and therefore, prompt and accurate treatment for DESUN’s patients.
Ranked on Top by both West Bengal and Central Government
There are only 7 hospitals in West Bengal considered by West Bengal Government as “Class 1 Hospital Service Providers” under the West Bengal Health Scheme – WBHS. DESUN is the first name in this list.
There are more than 100 hospitals in Eastern India empanelled by Central Government under Central Government Health Scheme – CGHS. Of these 100 only 2 hospitals have been able to qualify the high standards and have, therefore, been able to achieve the status of “Superspecialty Hospital” by CGHS. DESUN is one of the 2 Superspecialty hospitals categorized by CGHS.
Safest Hospital For Any Operation
2 of the major fears any surgeon has before any operation is that of OT infection and cardiac, heart complications during or after the operation. If OT infections occur or the patient develops cardiac problems even the best surgeon cannot help you. DESUN is the only hospital in Kolkata having STEEL OPERATION THEATERS (Steel OTs) which drastically reduces chances of OT infection. After the surgery the patient is under the best care of doctors and nurses in the post operative phase at DESUN. Also DESUN has the largest Heart Institute in Kolkata to handle any cardiac emergencies during or after the operation.
Specialist Doctors’ Round The Clock
With 28 medical departments having in-house specialist doctors any problem during your stay at DESUN can be handled by this specialist doctors’ team 24 hours. You may be admitted for a particular surgery but in the event there are some problems which a specialist needs doctor of another department it is available immediately in-house at DESUN. This facility is often not available at other renowned hospitals.