Does not include:
A cyst is a closed, saclike structure which contains fluid, gas, or semisolid material and is not a normal part of the tissue where it is located. Cysts are common and can occur anywhere in the body in people of any age group. Cysts vary in size, they may be detectable only under a microscope or they can grow so large that they displace normal organs and tissues and cause symptoms. The outer wall of a cyst is called capsule.
Probable causes of a cyst formation are:
Sometimes you can feel a cyst yourself. As for example, cysts of the skin (Dermal Cyst) or tissues beneath the skin are usually noticeable. Cysts in the mammary glands (breasts) also may be felt when you examine the area with your fingers (palpable).
Cysts of internal organs such as cysts in the kidneys, ovaries, or liver may not produce any signs or symptoms.
Cysts are discovered by the following imaging studies:
Cysts may or may not produce symptoms, depending upon their size and location. Cysts which are large enough to displace or compress normal tissues may cause symptoms related to their size and to the disruption of normal tissues.
There are hundreds of different types of cysts that can arise in your body. Below mentioned are a few types of cysts:
The treatment for a cyst depends upon the cause of the cyst along with its location. Cysts which are very large and result in symptoms due to their size may be surgically removed. Sometimes the fluid contained within a cyst can be drained, aspirated, by inserting a needle or catheter into the cyst cavity, resulting in collapse of the cyst.
Surgical removal of a cyst is sometimes necessary. If there is any suspicion that a cyst is cancerous, the cyst is generally removed by surgery or a biopsy is taken of the cyst wall known as capsule to rule out malignancy.
If a cyst arises as part of a chronic medical condition (polycystic ovary syndrome or fibrocystic breast disease), treatment is generally medication management.