Does not include:
You need dialysis when your kidneys no longer remove enough wastes and fluid from your blood to keep you healthy and fit. This usually happens when you have only 10 to 15 per cent of your kidney function left. Your doctor is the best person to tell you when you should start dialysis.
Dialysis helps to keep your body in balance. Dialysis does the following
Kidney failure happens gradually. Following are the symptoms of kidney failure one may experience:
Yes, there are 2 types of Dialysis:
In hemodialysis an artificial kidney known as hemodialyzer is used to remove waste and extra chemicals and fluid from your blood. To get your blood into the artificial kidney, the doctor needs to make an access into your blood vessels. This is done by minor surgery to your arm or leg.
Sometimes, an access is made by joining an artery to a vein under your skin to make a bigger blood vessel called fistula.
However, if your blood vessels are not adequate for a fistula, the doctor may use a soft plastic tube to join an artery and a vein under your skin. This is called a graft.
Occasionally an access is made by means of a narrow plastic tube known as catheter, which is inserted into a large vein in your neck. This type of access may be temporary, but in sometimes used for long-term treatment.
In this type of dialysis, your blood is cleaned inside your body. The doctor will do surgery to place a plastic tube called catheter into your abdomen to make an access. During the treatment, your abdominal area known as the peritoneal cavity is slowly filled with dialysate through the catheter. The blood stays in the arteries and veins that line your peritoneal cavity. Extra fluid and waste products are drawn out of your blood and into the dialysate. There are 2 major kinds of peritoneal dialysis.
There are 2 types of peritoneal dialysis: