COPD disease or condition is growing among people and there are around 10 million cases of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in India.
What is COPD?
COPD is Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. COPD covers various lungs related diseases like emphysema, chronic bronchitis, refractory (non-reversible) asthma, and some other forms of bronchiectasis. The basic character is increased breathlessness.
Medical Treatment for COPD?
Here is no permanent cure for COPD. Earlier diagnosis helps to eliminate symptoms and impact to maximum. Proper medication, timely visit to specialist doctors, lifestyle changes, diet (including anti inflammatory food and foods that helps us against allergens) , breathing exercises and living in clean pollution free environment can help upto a great extent to live a happy and healthy life.
COPD is related to ageing?
COPD is not related to ageing although it is mostly noticed in people above middle age or above 40 years. It can also impact younger people.
Few common symptoms of COPD?
- There are some common symptoms of COPD. In the early stage shortness of breath or breathlessness is not recognized till it advances and causes hindrance.
- reathlessness and increasing of the symptom
- Regular coughing
- Out of breathe at times
- Tightness in chest
- Frequently coughing out mucus. It may be white, green or yellow in colour.
- Bluish lips and fingernails
- Suffering often from respiratory infections
- Lack of energy
- Sudden weight loss
- Swelling in ankles, feet and legs
Common causes of COPD?
- Long exposure to inhalation of pollutants
- Exposure to smoke of cigarettes and other such materials. People who smoke is at high risk and also people exposed to second hand smoke.
- Fumes from factories, workshops, stone cutting workshops, cement and other such materials may cause COPD in exposed for many days.
- Family history of COPD may also be a cause even if someone is not exposed much or at all to pollutants and lung irritants.
Impact on other health conditions due to untreated or not properly treated COPD?
- Frequent respiratory infections
- Increased risk of heart diseases
- Increase in risk of lungs cancer
- High blood pressure in arteries around lungs