Bronchoscopy is a procedure that allows the doctor to look at your airways through a thin viewing instrument known as a bronchoscope. During a bronchoscopy the doctor will examine your throat, larynx, trachea and lower airways.
Bronchoscopy may be done to diagnose problems with the airways, the lungs, or with the lymph nodes in the chest, or to treat problems such as an object or growth in the airway.
How many types of Bronchoscopies are there?
There are 2 types of Bronchoscopy:
Flexible Bronchoscopy: this type of bronchoscopy uses a long, thin, lighted tube to look at the airway. The flexible bronchoscope is used more often than the rigid bronchoscope because it usually does not require general anaesthesia, is more comfortable for the person, and offers a better view of the smaller airways. It also allows the doctor to remove small samples of tissue (biopsy).
Rigid Bronchoscopy: this is usually done with general anaesthesia and uses a straight, hollow metal tube. It is used-
When there is a bleeding in the airway that could block the flexible scope’s view
To remove large tissue samples for biopsy
To clear the airway of objects (such as a piece of food) that cannot be removed using a flexible bronchoscope
Why is the bronchoscopy procedure done?
Bronchoscopy procedure is done to:
Find the cause of airway problems, like bleeding, trouble breathing, or a long –term (chronic) cough
Take tissue samples when other tests, like chest X-ray or CT scan , show problems with the lung or with lymph nodesin the chest
Diagnose lung disease by collecting tissue or mucus (sputum) samples for examination
Diagnose and determine the extent of lung cancer
Remove objects blocking the airway
Check and treat growths in the airway
Treat areas of the airway that have narrowed and are causing problems
Treat cancer of the airway using radioactive materials
What is the procedure of bronchoscopy?
A flexible bronchoscope is inserted with the patient in a sitting or supine position. Once the bronchoscope is inserted into the upper airway, the vocal cords are inspected. The instrument is advanced to the trachea and further down into the bronchial system and each area is inspected as the bronchoscope passes. If an abnormality is discovered, it may be sampled, using a brush, a needle, or forceps. Rigid bronchoscopy is performed under general anaesthesia. Rigid bronchoscopes are too large to allow parallel placement of other devices in the trachea, therefore the anaesthesia apparatus is connected to the bronchoscope and the patient is ventilated through the bronchoscope.
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Why Patients like DESUN?
Rated as one of India’s best hospitals
a) For excellence in quality of medical treatment and hospital services DESUN is the youngest hospital in India to get the prestigious National Accreditation Board for Hospitals (NABH) accreditation from Government of India. World over NABH is considered equivalent to JCAHO (Joint Commission for American Healthcare Organizations) or JCI (Joint Commission International) - the standards followed in US for hospital accreditation. Of more than 1000 hospitals in India who have applied for NABH even after 6 years not even 100 hospitals have been able to achieve the high quality standard required to get NABH accreditation. In the lead story of November 2011 issue of National News Magazine THE WEEK “India’s Best Hospitals” were covered based on an All India Survey. DESUN Hospital was included in this prestigious list of “India’s Best Hospitals”.
For excellence in quality of routine and Superspecialty pathology testing DESUN Pathology lab has also received the prestigious accreditation from the National Accreditation Board for Laboratories (NABL). In Eastern India only DESUN pathology lab has in-house facilities to perform superspecialty pathology tests like PCR, Flow Cytometry, etc. This benefits DESUN’s patients tremendously and there is practically no waiting time for getting test results when compared to other hospitals in Kolkata who have to send these tests to Mumbai or Delhi and wait for 3 / 4 days for get test results. Thus there is no delay in diagnosis and therefore, prompt and accurate treatment for DESUN’s patients.
Ranked on Top by both West Bengal and Central Government
There are only 7 hospitals in West Bengal considered by West Bengal Government as “Class 1 Hospital Service Providers” under the West Bengal Health Scheme – WBHS. DESUN is the first name in this list.
There are more than 100 hospitals in Eastern India empanelled by Central Government under Central Government Health Scheme – CGHS. Of these 100 only 2 hospitals have been able to qualify the high standards and have, therefore, been able to achieve the status of “Superspecialty Hospital” by CGHS. DESUN is one of the 2 Superspecialty hospitals categorized by CGHS.
Safest Hospital For Any Operation
2 of the major fears any surgeon has before any operation is that of OT infection and cardiac, heart complications during or after the operation. If OT infections occur or the patient develops cardiac problems even the best surgeon cannot help you. DESUN is the only hospital in Kolkata having STEEL OPERATION THEATERS (Steel OTs) which drastically reduces chances of OT infection. After the surgery the patient is under the best care of doctors and nurses in the post operative phase at DESUN. Also DESUN has the largest Heart Institute in Kolkata to handle any cardiac emergencies during or after the operation.
Specialist Doctors’ Round The Clock
With 28 medical departments having in-house specialist doctors any problem during your stay at DESUN can be handled by this specialist doctors’ team 24 hours. You may be admitted for a particular surgery but in the event there are some problems which a specialist needs doctor of another department it is available immediately in-house at DESUN. This facility is often not available at other renowned hospitals.